ADD/ADHD in Children

SGE Review

The material presented here offers solid, information on the latest stimulant medications for treating ADHD … side effects … heart problems from medications … non-stimulant medication … antidepressants … and much more. According to this article, children with ADHD often respond from behavior counseling and therapy by trained medical professionals. As such, six types of ADHD counseling and therapy options are given consideration.

Full Article

Standard treatments for ADHD in children include medications and counseling. Other treatments to ease ADHD symptoms include special accommodations in the classroom, and family and community support.

 

Medications
Currently, stimulant drugs (psychostimulants) and the nonstimulant medication atomoxetine (Strattera) are the most commonly prescribed medications for treating ADHD.

Stimulant medications for ADHD include:

  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Daytrana)
  • Dextroamphetamine-amphetamine (Adderall)
  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)

Although scientists don't understand exactly why these drugs work, stimulants appear to boost and balance levels of the brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. These ADHD medications help improve the core signs and symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity — sometimes dramatically. However, effects of the drugs wear off quickly. Additionally, the right dose varies from child to child, so it may take some time in the beginning to find the correct dose.

Stimulant drugs are available in short-acting and long-acting forms.

  • The short-acting forms last about four hours, while the long-acting preparations last between six and 12 hours.
  • Methylphenidate is available in a long-acting patch that can be worn on the hip (Daytrana). It delivers medication for about nine hours and is approved for use in children between the ages of 6 and 12. While the long-lasting effects mean your child won't need to take medication as often, it can take up to three hours to start working. For it to work in the morning, the patch needs to be put in place early while your child is still asleep.

Stimulant medication side effects
The most common side effects of stimulant medications in children include:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Problems sleeping
  • Irritability as the effect of the medication tapers off

A few children may develop jerky muscle movements, such as grimaces or twitches (tics), but these usually disappear when the dose of medication is lowered. Stimulant medications may also be associated with a slightly reduced growth rate in children, although in most cases growth isn't permanently affected. There's been some concern about using stimulants to treat preschoolers who have ADHD.

ADHD medications and heart problems
Although a rare occurrence, several heart-related deaths have occurred in children and adolescents taking stimulant medications. Your child's doctor will want to be sure your child doesn't have any signs of a heart condition before prescribing a stimulant. Experts disagree about whether children need an extensive evaluation before taking these medications. The American Heart Association has said that every child should have a heart test called an electrocardiogram (ECG) before getting stimulant medications for ADHD, while other organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics say that a thorough history and physical exam is enough to screen for heart problems.

Nonstimulant medication
Atomoxetine (Strattera) is generally given to children with ADHD when stimulant medications aren't effective or cause side effects. In addition to reducing ADHD symptoms, atomoxetine may also reduce anxiety. Given one or two times a day, atomoxetine side effects can include nausea and sedation. It can also cause reduced appetite and weight loss.

Atomoxetine has been linked to rare side effects that include liver problems. If your child is taking atomoxetine and develops yellow skin (jaundice), dark-colored urine or unexplained flu symptoms, contact the doctor right away.

There's been some concern that children and adolescents taking atomoxetine have an increased risk of suicidal thinking. Although atomoxetine has never been linked to an actual suicide, contact your child's doctor if you notice any signs of suicidal thinking or other signs of depression.

Other medications used to treat ADHD include:

  • Antidepressants. These medications are generally used in children who don't respond to stimulants or atomoxetine or have a mood disorder as well as ADHD.
  • Clonidine (Catapres) and guanfacine (Tenex). These are high blood pressure drugs shown to help with ADHD symptoms. They may be prescribed to reduce tics or insomnia caused by other ADHD medications, or to treat aggression caused by ADHD.

Giving medications safely
Making sure your child takes the right amount of the prescribed medication is very important. Parents are understandably concerned about stimulants — which are similar to amphetamines — and the risk of abuse and addiction. But dependence hasn't been reported in children who take medications at the proper dose. That's because drug levels in the brain rise too slowly to produce a "high." On the other hand, there's concern that siblings and classmates of children and teenagers with ADHD might abuse ADHD medications. To keep your child's medications safe and to make sure your child is getting the right dose of medication at the right time:

  • Administer medications carefully. Children and teens shouldn't be in charge of their own ADHD medication.
  • At home, keep medication locked in a childproof container. An overdose of stimulant drugs is serious and potentially fatal. Young children are especially sensitive to drug overdoses.
  • Don't send supplies of medication to school with your child. Deliver any medicine yourself to the school nurse or health office.

ADHD counseling and therapy
Children with ADHD often benefit from counseling or behavior therapy, which may be provided by a psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker or other mental health care professional. Some children with ADHD may also have other conditions such as anxiety disorder or depression. In these cases, counseling can help both ADHD and the coexisting problem.

Counseling types include:

  • Psychotherapy. This allows older children with ADHD to talk about issues that bother them, explore negative behavioral patterns and learn ways to deal with their symptoms.
  • Behavior therapy. Teachers and parents can learn behavior-changing strategies for dealing with difficult situations. These strategies may include token reward systems and timeouts.
  • Family therapy. Family therapy can help parents and siblings deal with the stress of living with someone who has ADHD.
  • Social skills training. This can help children learn appropriate social behaviors.
  • Support groups. Support groups can offer children with ADHD and their parents a network of social support, information and education.
  • Parenting skills training. This can help parents develop ways to understand and guide their child's behavior.

The best results usually occur when a team approach is used, with teachers, parents, and therapists or physicians working together. You can help by making every effort to work with your child's teachers and by referring them to reliable sources of information to support their efforts in the classroom.


Citation

(2009, February, 13). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Retrieved August 18, 2009, from Mayo Clinic Web site: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/adhd/DS00275/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs




No votes yet
Comments()
+ Add to MySGE
Bookmark and Share

+ Add a Comment

Comments

cheap oakleys

Welcome to our cheap oakley sunglasses store where both cheap oakleys and oakley sunglasses are on promotional sale. As is known to all, Oakleys sunglasses are the ultimate sunglasses name brand in the world. When compared with other sunglasses brand like Ray ban and Dior etc. Oakley sunglasses sale is undoubtedly more professional and is able to give you more choice with its numerous sunglasses models. But it's a nuisance that official Oakley sunglasses websites sell them too high for to purchase. As a must-have in daily life, everyone needs Oakleys. So we launched the oakley sunglasses outlet online. Come and take your time to choose your favorite discount oakley sunglasses and cheap oakley sunglasses. Enjoy your shopping here.eticsmall.com"

Cheap Oakley Sunglasses

Cheap Oakley Sunglasses comply with and exceed the ANSI Z87.1 requirements for impact and high impact protection. All Oakley glasses must pass three tests before being produced for sale.
The impact protection is one of the main tests that Cheap Oakley eyeglasses must pass. Most of the Oakley models also comply with Canada's CSA Z94.3-02 protection standards.
Oakley lenses and frames are designed to protect against impact, sun and wind. The lenses are made of a patented material, called Plutonite, that characteristically filters out 100% of all UVA, UVB, UVC and harmful blue light up to 400 nm. Even in its natural state (with no lens tint).[8] Plutonite also delivers unrivaled impact protection - one reason why Cheap Oakley Sunglasses Saleis the gear of choice for world class athletes, military personnel, law enforcement and more.

Oakley's High Definition Optics (HDO) is a collection of patented technologies that allow the eyeglasses to pass all ANSI Z87.1 optical standards. HDO technology is claimed by the company to use three-dimensional imaging to ensure that each part of the lens in the oakley sunglasses sale will adhere to a consumer's prescription with no unintended magnification
TAG:Oakley Antix  |  Oakley Batwolf  |   Oakley Crosshair 2.0  |  Oakley Dart  |  Oakley Dispatch  |  Oakley Fives Squared  |  Oakley Flak Jacket  |  Oakley Frogskins  |   Oakley Gascan  |  Oakley Jawbone  |  Oakley Juliet  |  Oakley M Frame  |  Oakley Monster Dog  |  Oakley Oil Rig  |  Oakley Radar  |  Oakley Scalpel

cheap ralph lauren

All specialists in style and design, These ralph lauren clothing worth each and every and every cent invested about it,affordable lacoste.cheap take advantage of laurens. vivid shades additionally to with unique prints like pine stripes, All dimensions, This shirt particularly increased to become way must have goods inside the eighties while using preppy set,And one reason it's famous is its beautiful color to amazing people, the overlap just a little amount. For just about any boy cheap ralph lauren uk Take advantage of Lauren might be acquired in the price of Euro 12,lacoste sweater. in addition to occasions more the masturbator masturbator sleeves in, By coping with this informative article you'll be able to hope that you will be finding solutions which match for the choice.2012. to become entirely honest. provided aren't impressive. all specialists in style and design, youthful or adult you've multiple choices to choose from,ed hardy uk sale. extended sleeved clothes of the trademark are actually welcomed with the public, What for those who get these t-t t shirts for reasonable, hoodies,Finding polo Take advantage of Lauren requires you to select from various options, Precisely what it takes your body is made the decision,New. You'll find choices for the every requirement, For guys,description.properly yes, For example,polo.Most likely the favourite pieces inside the Polo Take advantage of Lauren line is the classic fit polo short-sleeved knit shirt featuring the pandora charms uk player.

Black,New. You'll find hermes düsseldorf in eco-friendly, and dresses,Take advantage of ralph lauren online shop deutschland unquestionably certainly are a component that each and every and every guy or female would would rather placed on,On the internet mulberry tilbud marketing companies provide a wide range of Lauren collection. white-colored. the very best cut for individuals: either expand or reduce,2012. The way to select them, women, As well as the pants double city that cans most shoes in household leather,new. Relaxation the shirt front-lower for just about any table or bed mattress, Nevertheless it is not really true generally, Most likely probably the most important elements while choosing for reasonable Take advantage of Lauren attires is of quality, provided aren't impressive, You'll find options in several colors,lacoste polos. A stopped kind of casual sports clothing that was introduced for guys in 1993 and girls in 1996, To use fashion crimson polo t t shirts and like the originality of design and style of cuts simple t t shirts and suits. nonetheless the value within the t- t t shirts is athing that stops many individuals from getting these fabulous traditional take advantage of ralph lauren skjorter, you'll by no indicates need to situated on one more producer right after this.Classic take advantage of lauren longchamp online could be seen like a satisfaction to individual becasue it is trendy,Take advantage of. the cost within the t-t t shirts have certainly changes,polo. you'll occur throughout them in lumination pastel shades.

cheap ralph lauren

take advantage of Polo Outlet You're going to get polo?? t t shirts and a variety of designer stuff for remarkably reduced prices round the shopping online sites. At this point you don't need to finish at polo outlet to obtain the shirt you need. You don't need to visit the opening to look for the stuff in addition to now pay a great offer with this. All that's necessary to accomplish is sit right in front ofpolo t t shirts for guys your computer and uncover the best selection for your own benefit. The special discounts round the websites also provide offered a showed up at existence call toward polo shops and perhaps they are sure to decrease any prices. so which you'll want to smart business phone market the onlineRalph Lauren women considerably lower rates, you can now go toward alter within the prices inside the polo shops also, nonetheless it's to this day not roughly the right level. The internet to this day remains cheap and easiest method of getting a their hands on a Take advantage of Lauren polo merchandise.cheap shorts for guys The truth from things are that gone might be the times when people beneficial to operate a vehicle having a Take advantage of Lauren polo outlet to discover high-listed stuff. They'd when spend their time, their energy and most importantly, their funds. All thesePolo t t shirts for girls three all things have plenty worth addressing inside our living. We can not just remove money, despite the notion that we have it as well as not. So pay countless triggered online. finish shopping store in upgrade on you good special discounts Take advantage of ralph lauren uk sale holiday cruise with the web for the greatest stuff for the perfect cost. Searching good is essential for everyone. This is exactly why you're going to get lots of people trading several hours grooming essentially glance presentable. This allows you increaseralph lauren kids clothes ones assurance plus grow their self-esteem. You need to be really careful when attempting to discover clothes to obtain models that suit them finest. You can buy many designer clothes including Take advantage of discount ralph lauren.wholesale lacoste t shirts They are plentiful in proportions. Make certain you select the right size that fulfils perfectly. If you don't know your size, you're going to get your dimensions at a shop or make an attempt it onto be inside the risk-free side. Students certainly are a huge fan of cheap mulberry uk, especially from Take advantage of Lauren and Lacoste. These producers not only provide numerous colours and take advantage of lauren onlinedesigns, but can be found in 100% cotton. Take advantage of pandora chrams sale have a very distinctness that separates the organization in the other brands. The shades of RL are strong and consists of more than numerous unique collections like Match Polo, huge Pony, Extended Sleeve, brief Sleeve, Flag t-shirt while others. The various designs as well as the attractive combinations will be the features which will make these t-t t shirts so appealing to youthfullacoste t t shirts and older alike. With Lacoste, the USP might be a bit different. hermes deutschland can be found in more subtle and soft colors. The essential shades might be the needed like all other brand, but the standard of degree of level of smoothness and soft qualities is nearly always more in take advantage of mulberry danmark, that is a thing that helps to make the longchamp sale stand out within the crowd whenever anywhere.The designs and colors of individuals producers ask them to from monotony. They are really simple to use, easy to sustain additionally to polo t t shirts cheapeasy to brighten. becoming readily available in several dimensions, these polo t t shirts certainly are a superb approach to protecting oneself stylish affordable additionally to without any behave as well. These t t shirts are every once in awhile readily availableralph lauren vest inside a couple of shopping on the web websites where they come in really cheap prices and every once in awhile even large lot marketing special discounts and periodic special discounts can be found. this type of services are actually a significant help in making a popular ralph lauren outlet for girls.
#BREAK#

cheap ralph lauren

Is my ralph lauren sale uk purchase truly authentic? This is a frequent and highly debated question by some ralph lauren polo shirts purchasers. The controversy comes from opposing buyer factors when utilizing EBay like a resource to buy top quality merchandise for example Rob Lauren and Polo well below manufacturer's MSRP (manufacturer recommended retail cost). Quite simply, when the cost is simply too good to be real, it most likely is not authentic - so beware!

When referencing ralph lauren shirts I ought to mention that we're talking about an extensive selection of chanel handbags uk merchandise to incorporate chanel bags uk, Crimson & Black Label, Rugby, RLX and RRL, as well as merchandise manufactured solely for several major merchants including Dillard's and Macy's. Therefore, we're talking about 1000's of authentic ed hardy clothes. To go over the variations between a number of products you may purchase online could be thorough. So, I'll offer more broad advice to pay for the extensive selection of options.

ralph lauren deutschland genuinely merchandised fine clothing, add-ons and residential goods since 1967. You'll find ralph lauren deutschland distribution channels including company possessed retail locations, leading shops, polo.com an internet-based merchants. The concept if you cannot locate an item on polo.com causes it to be an apparent counterfeit is entirely incorrect. Through my extensive understanding and many years of experience buying and selling hermes handtschen
merchandise I estimate that polo.com typically offers under 2-3% of RLP merchandise. That aside, with frequent new merchandise introductions, about every 2-3 several weeks, it's extremely difficult for that average consumer to maintain the continual flow of recent RLP merchandise offered.

a line bridal gown

on evening dresses 2012 flavored water. It tastes so clean and fresh, and in addition, it functions for superior bridal dresses digestion. Drink less red wine, coffee, and tea could v-neck wedding dresses also whiten your teeth.Saving cash for your wedding dress can usually be a problem .You would like to juniors bridesmaid dresses conserve mo

michael kors outlet

heng2 The neutral clothing michael kors purses to too michael kors handbags cool, afraid that most people can't easily attempt, but if into handbags, believe that dares to beat the user must not louis vuitton sale a few. For example a anyway are afraid to try to michael kors bags printing shirt men, may be bold cheap louis vuitton selection printing handbags, this also is an attempt to do louis vuitton sunglasses convection. More women in the workplace can play a pivotal role, louis vuitton outlet store this also is vanity and cheap louis vuitton handbags a michael kors outlet neutral heyday reasons.

discount tiffany and co jewelry

What is it about Tiffany & Co Type Jewellery that has all the girls heading ga-ga? Just like the fake Fendi purses featured in Sex and the City, women all close to are trying to get out faux discount tiffany and co jewelry. baubles like it was their work! The evident explanation would be because you can purchase fairly considerably the specific similar pieces that Tiffany's features, with the specific similar style, for about 1/sixteenth the price tag of tiffany and co bracelet. Nonetheless, when scoping out these designer duds, it is crucial to search for some really essential things. Study on to study how to seek out the best areas to obtain tiffany co diamond rings Inspired equipment on the internet. The initially thing you should take into account prior to acquiring is the resource. Clearly there are several reputable on the net shops out there now that characteristic tiffany and co jewelry cleaner.Type accessories-- Mademoiselle Jewellery, Eves Addiction, and Emitations, to name a few. As extended as the website delivers a number of types of payment, and also has a legitimate SSL certificate, you can really feel safe with your transaction.

mac makeup

M.A.C Cosmetics, mac makeup, was founded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada by Frank Toskan and Frank Angelo in 1984. The first wholesale mac cosmetics Store opened in 1998, in New York.[1]
The company's products were initially specifically designed for professional make-up artists, but are now sold to consumers worldwide.
Estee Lauder Companies acquired controlling interest of mac makeup wholesale in 1996, then completed their acquisition of the company in 1998. Original founder, mac makeup cheap died in 1997 due to complications during surgery.

ice watch sale

Welcome to ice watch white. We invite you to browse through our store, check out our exciting new ranges and shop with confidence. You may create an account with us, or shop as a guest. Your shopping cart will be active until you leave the ice watch sale store.
For more information on the ice watch love brand, including a list of retail stockists, please visit the official ice watch classic website www.newicewatchshop.com.